Effect of Salinity on Germination and Some Agro-morphological Traits in Chickpea Seedlings

Authors

  • Mustafa CERİTOĞLU Siirt Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü
  • Murat ERMAN Siirt Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü
  • Figen YILDIZ Siirt Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Zootekni Bölümü

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol4iss1pp82-96

Keywords:

Agronomic, Cicer arietinum, germination, reduction rate, salt stress, tolerance potential

Abstract

Salinity is a global problem threatening all agriculture lands on the World. The 700 x 107 ha land is arable on the world, of which 150 x 107 ha can be cultivated, 34 x 107 ha is saline and, 56 x 107 ha is sodic. Moreover, it was reported that salt-affected areas are increasing by the day. Chickpea which is one of the most produced agricultural products overall the World is a sensitive genus to salt stress, like the other members of grain legumes. So, the aim of the study is to understand the effects of salinity on chickpea and variations in showed responses by cultivars in the early seedling stage. The 7 cultivars, including Diyar-95, Arda, Sarı-98, Yaşa-05, Hisar, Çakır and Aydın-92 and 3 NaCl doses (control, 50 mM and 100 mM) were used as a factor in the study. The experiment laid out in completely randomized design (CRD) with 6 replications. The investigated traits in the study were noteworthy affected by increasing NaCl doses. According to results, the maximum and minimum reduction rates in germination percentage, plant height, number of branches, stem diameter and fresh weight compared with the control were calculated as 8.4-39.6%, 10.5-36.7%, 15.1-43.3%, 8.4-31.0% and 12.5-42.5%, respectively. The present study indicated that cultivars exhibited a large variation in terms of responding to salinity. In addition, it was observed that Çakır and Arda cultivars were tolerant of salinity while Diyar-95 and Sarı-98 were susceptible. Consequently, the early seedling characteristics of different genotypes can be used as a substantial indicator of breeding programs.

References

Akibode, S., Maredia, M. 2011. Global and regional trends in production, trade and consumption of food legume crops. Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.

Basu, S., Kumar, G. 2020. Nitrogen Fixation in a Legume-Rhizobium Symbiosis: The Roots of a Success Story. In: Varma A., Tripathi S., Prasad R. (eds) Plant Microbe Symbiosis. Springer, Cham

Che-Othman, M.H., Jacoby, R.P., Millar, A.H., Taylor, N.L. 2019. The Effects of Sodium Chloride on Plant Physiology and Central Carbon Metabolism in Wheat. Transactions of the Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology, 26: 171-185.

Colorado, P., Nicolas, G., Rodriguez, D. 1995. Convergent effects of stress and ABA on gene expression during germination of chickpea seeds. Journal of Plant Physiology, 146: 535-540.

Çiçek, N., Oukarroum, A., Strasser, R.J., Schansker, G. 2018. Salt stress effects on the photosynthetic electron transport chain in two chickpea lines differing in their salt stress tolerance. Photosynth Research, 136: 291-301.

Dadaşoğlu, E., Ekinci, M., Yıldırım, E. 2020. Effects of salt stress on seed germination of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and pea (Pisum sativum L.). Atatürk University Journal of Agricultural Faculty, 51 (1): 53-62.

Elsheikh, E.A.E., Wood, M. 1990. Effect of Salinity on Growth, Nodulation and Nitrogen Yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Experimental Botany, 41 (10): 1263-1269.

Eyidogan, F., Öz, M.T., 2007. Effect of salinity on antioxidant responses of chickpea seedlings. Acta Physiol Plant, 29: 485. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-007-0059-9

FAO, 2018. The chickpea production on the World. [cited 2020 February 20] Available from http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC

Farooq, M., Gogoi, N., Hussain, M., Barthakur, S., Paul, S., Bharadwaj, N., Migdadi, H.M., Alghamdi, S.S., Siddique, K.H.M. 2017, Effects, tolerance mechanisms and management of salt stress in grain legumes. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 118: 199-217.

Flowers, T.J., Gaur, P.M., Gowda, C.L.L., Krishnamurthy, L., Samineni, S., Siddique, K.H.M., Turner, N.C., Vadez, V., Varshney, R.K., Colmer, T.D., 2010. Salt sensitivity in chickpea. Plant, Cell and Environment, 33: 490-509.

Garcia-Jimenez, A., Trejo-Tellez, L.I., Gullien-Sanchez, D., Gomez-Merino, F.C. 2018. Vanadium stimulates pepper plant growth and flowering, increases concentrations of amino acids, sugars and chlorophylls, and modifies nutrient concentrations. Plos One, 13 (8): e0201908.

Hasanuzzaman, M., Nahar, K., Alam, M.M., Bhowmik, P.C., Hossain, M.A., Rahman, M.M., Prasad, M.N.V., Ozturk, M., Fujita, M. 2014. Potential use of halophytes to remediate saline soils. BioMed Research International, 589341: 1-12.

Hossain, S. 2019. Present scenario of global salt affected soils, its management and importance of salinity research. International Research Journal of Biological Science, 1 (1): 1-3.

Hossain, M.I., Mannan, M.A., Karim, M.A. 2015. Salicylic acid and gibberellic acid ameliorates the adverse effects of salinity on chickpea. Bangladesh Agronomy Journal, 18 (1): 81-88.

Jukanti, A.K., Gaur, P.M., Gowda, C.L.L., Chibbar, R.N. 2012. Nutritional quality and health benefits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): A review. British Journal of Nutrition, 108 (1): 11-26.

Kafi, M., Bagheri, A., Nabati, J., Mehrjerdi, M., Masomi, A. 2011. Effect of salinity on some physiological variables of 11 chickpea genotypes under hydroponic conditions. Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture Soilless Culture Research Center, 1: 55-70.

Kalayci, M. 2005. Use JUMP with Examples and Anova Models for Agricultural Research. Anatolia Agricultural Research Institute Directorate, Erzurum.

Kandil, A.A., Sharief, A.E., Ahmed, S.R.H. 2012. Germination and seedling growth of some chickpea cultivars (Cicer arietinum L.) under salinity stress. Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 8: 561-571.

Kaya, M., Kaya, G., Kaya, M.D., Atak, M., Saglam, S., Khawar, K.M., Ciftci, C.Y. 2008. Interaction between seed size and NaCl on germination and early seedling growth of some Turkish cultivars of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 9: 371.

Khan, H.A., Siddique, K.H.M., Munir, R., Colmer, T.D. 2015. Salt sensitivity in chickpea: Growth, photosynthesis, seed yield components and tissue ion regulation in contrasting genotypes. Journal of Plant Physiology, 182: 1-12.

Korkmaz, S., Goksuluk, D., Zararsiz, G. 2014. MVN: An R Package for Assessing Multivariate Normality. The R Journal, 6 (2): 151-162.

Kumari, A., Duhan, S., Sheokand, S., Kaur, V. 2017. Effects of short and long term salinity stress on physiological and oxidative metabolism in chickpea (Cicer arietinum) and its possible alleviation by nitric oxide. Indian Journal of Ecology, 44 (2): 250-258.

Manchanda, H.R., Sharma, S.K. 1989. Tolerance of chloride and sulphate salinity in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). The Journal of Agricultural Science, 113 (3): 407-410.

Nicolas, C., De Prada, J.M., Lorenzo, O., Nicolas, G., Rodriguez D. 1998. Absisic acid and stress regulate the expression of calmodulin in germinating chickpea seeds. Physiologica Plantarum, 104: 379-384.

Özaktan, H., Çiftçi, C.Y., Kaya, M.D., Uzun, S.O., Akdoğan, G. 2018. Chloride salt inhibit emergence and seedling growth of chickpea rather than germination. Legume Research, 41 (1): 60-66.

Pushpavalli, R., Berger, J.D., Turner, N.C., Siddique, K.H.M., Colmer, T.D., Vadez, V. 2020. Cross-tolerance for drought, heat and salinity stresses in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 00: 1-15.

Rushing, H., Karl, A., Wisnowski, J., 2013. Design and analysis of experiments by douglas Montgomery: A supplement for using JUMP. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, New Jersey.

Shahid S.A., Zaman M., Heng, L., 2018. Soil Salinity: Historical Perspectives and a World Overview of the Problem. In: Guideline for Salinity Assessment, Mitigation and Adaptation Using Nuclear and Related Techniques. Springer, Cham.

Shanko, D., Jateni, G., Debela, A., 2017. Effects of salinity on chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) landraces during germination stage. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Journal, 3 (2): 9.

Singla, R., Garg, N., 2005. Influence of salinity on growth and yield attributes in chickpea cultivars. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 29: 231-235.

Sohrabi, Y., Heidari, G., Esmailpoor, B., 2008. Effect of salinity on growth and yield of Desi and Kabuli chickpea cultivars. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11 (4): 664-667.

Szabolcs, I., 1989. Salt-affected soils. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 274.

Varol, I.S., Kardes, Y.M., Irik, H.A., Kirnak, H., Kaplan, M., 2020. Supplementary irrigations at different physiological growth stages of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) change grain nutritional composition. Food Chemistry, 303: 125402.

Vishnu, V., Usadadia, V.P., Mawalia, A.K., Patel, M.M., Patel, V.K.A. 2017. Impact assessment of land configuration and bio-organic on nutrient uptake and quality of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under coastal salt affected soil. International Journal of Pure and Applied Biosource, 5 (3): 726-734.

Welfare, K., Yeo, A.R., Flowers, T.J. 2002. Effects of salinity and ozone, individually and in combination, on the growth and ion contents of two chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. Environmental Pollution, 120: 397-403.

Published

2020-05-02

How to Cite

Mustafa CERİTOĞLU, Murat ERMAN, & Figen YILDIZ. (2020). Effect of Salinity on Germination and Some Agro-morphological Traits in Chickpea Seedlings. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4(1), 82-96. https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECJASvol4iss1pp82-96

Issue

Section

Articles