The Effect of Farm Manure on Plant Nutrient Contents in Organic Leek Production
Keywords:Leek (Allium ampeloprasum L.), organic farming, plant nutrient, animal manure
In order to meet the increase in demand for food with the increase in population, the problem of environmental pollution arises as a result of agricultural practices carried out by moving away from scientific principles. Organic agriculture, on the other hand, is an agricultural method that aims to protect and sustain the health of soil-water-and biological diversity by prioritizing food security. This study was carried out in typic xerofluvent soil to determine the effect of matured farm manure applied in different doses on yield and elemental composition of leek plant. The total N content of the macro plant nutrients of the leek in different doses of animal manure applications differed depending on the application doses. In the first year N 1.62-2.52% and in the second year 1.15-2.17%, low N values were obtained in the control application and high N values in the H3 application in both years. Phosphorus nutrient was determined as 0.41-0.60% in the first year and 0.38-0.40% in the second year. The effect of different doses of animal manure on potassium was determined as 4.72-5.79% in the first year and 4.77-5.60% in the second year, the highest K was determined as H2 (5.79%) in the first year and H3 (5.60%) in the second year, higher than other applications values were obtained. The effect of the applications on Ca content was determined as 0.42-0.52% in the first year and 0.42-0.58% in the second year. It was determined as 0.42-0.52% Mg in the first year and 0.40-0.47% in the second year. Zinc content varying between 38.85-50.04 mg kg-1 in the first year and 39.79-51.39 mg kg-1 in the second year, copper element 4.20-5.04 mg kg-1 in the first year and 2.50-3.30 mg kg-1 in the second year. The Zn content varied according to the applications, and it was determined as 29.64-39.89 mg kg-1 in the first year and 27.07-33.24 mg kg-1 in the second year. According to the aplication, manganese was determined as 16.80-23.54 mg kg-1 in the first year and 19.19-22.10 mg kg-1 in the second year.
Ahmed, S., Ahmed, F., Hussain, F., Hussain, M. 2003. Effect of different NPK levels on the growth and yield of kohlrabi (Brassica cauloropa L.) at northern areas of Pakistan. Asian Journal of Plant Science 2(3): 336-338.
Anonim, 2013. T.C. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı, Bahçecilik, Pırasa Yetiştiriciliği, Ankara.
Anonim, 2019. Pırasa Yetiştiriciliği. http://www.ulusaltarim.com/7867/Pirasa-yetistiriciligi (Erişim Tarihi: 21.12.2020).
Beşirli, G., Soyergin, S., Sönmez, İ., Hantaş, C., Pezikoğlu, F. 2006. Organik olarak yetiştirilen pırasada verim ve kalite özelliklerinin belirlenmesi. Türkiye 3. Organik Tarım Sempozyumu, 1-4 Kasım, 108-121, Yalova.
Bernaert, N., De Clercq, H., Van Bockstaele, E., De Loose, M., Van Droogenbroeck, B. 2013. Antioxidant changes during postharvest processing and storage of leek (Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum). Postharvest Biol Technol. 86:8-16.
Bosiacki, M., Tyksiñski, W. 2009. Copper, zinc, iron and manganese content in edible parts of some fresh vegetables sold on markets in Poznań. Journal of Elementology 14(1):13-22.
Bremner, J. M. 1965. Total Nitrogen, in C. A. Black (Ed.) Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2, American Society of Agronomy Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 1149-1178pp
Dalquist, R.L., Knoll, J.W. 1978. Inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy: analysis of biological materials and soil for major, trace and ultratrace elements. Applied Spectroscopy 32:1-31.
Eppendorfer, W.H., Eggum, B.O. 1996. Fertilizers effects on yield, mineral and amino acid composition, dietary fibre content and nutritive value of leeks. Plants Food for Human Nutrition 49:8163-174.
Eşiyok, D. 2012. Kışlık ve yazlık sebze yetiştiriciliği. Meta Basım Hizmetleri. Bornva-İzmir. 404 s.
İrkin, R. 2007. Sarımsak, pırasa ve soğanın a. niger üzerine engelleyici etkilerinin araştırılması. Doktora Tezi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Uludağ Üniversitesi, Bursa.
Kacar, B., İnal, A. 2008. Bitki analizleri. Nobel Yayın Dağıtım, Ankara, 892s.
Kayikcioglu, H.H., Yener, H., Ongun, A.R., Okur, B. 2019. Evaluation of soil and plant health associated with successive three-year sewage sludge field applications under semi-arid biodegradation condition. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 65(12): 1659-1676.
Kayıkçıoğlu, H.H., Okur, N. 2020. Effects of tobacco waste and its compost on the health of a Typic xerofluvent soil and the yield of paprika (Capsicum annuum L.). ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4(2): 319-345.
Lott, W.L., J.P. Nery, J.R. Gall., J.C., Medcoff. 1956. Leaf analysis technique in coffe research, I. B. E. C. Research Institute Publishing 9:21-24.
Lundegardh, B., Botek, P., Schulzov, V., Hajslov, J., Strömberg, A. Andersson, H.C. 2008. Impact of different green manures on the content of S-Alk(en)yl-L-cysteine sulfoxides and l-ascorbic acid in leek (Allium porrum). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56: 2102-2111.
Maynard, D.N., G.J. Hochmuth, C.S. Vavrina, W.M. Stall, T.A. Kucharek, P.A. Stansley, A.G., Smajstrla. 1999. Onion, leek and chive production in Florida. University of Florida Cooperative Extention Service.
Munter, R.C., Grande, R.A. 1981. Plant tissue and soil exract analysis by ıcp atomic emission spectrometry. In: Developments in Atomic Plasma Spectrochemical Analysis. Ed. R. M. Barnes, Heyden and Song London, England, 653-672.
Putnik, P., Gabrić, D., Roohinejad, S. 2019. An overview of organosulfur compounds From Allium Spp.: from processing and preservation to evaluation of their bioavailability, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties. Food Chem. 276: 680-691.
Reuter, D., Robinson, J.B. 1997. Plant analysis: an interpretation manual. CSIRO publishing.
Reuter, D.J., Robinson., J.B. 1986. Plant Analysis, An Interpretation Manual. Inkata Pres, Melbourne, Sydney, 217.
TÜİK, 2019. Temel İstatistikler. www.tuik.gov.tr (Erişim tarihi: 26.11.2020)
Ünlü, Ö.Ü., Ünlü, H., Alaboz, P., Müjdeci, M. 2018. Pırasa üretiminde humik madde uygulamalarının verim, kalite ve bitkinin beslenme durumu üzerine etkileri. Alatarım, 17(1): 9-17.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.