Evaluation of Quality Characteristics of Durum Wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) Genotypes by GGE Biplot Analysis Method


Abstract views: 17 / PDF downloads: 22

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7032647

Keywords:

Augmented, Biplot, Diyarbakir, Durum wheat, Quality

Abstract

Considering the significant diversity in global wheat yield, insufficient research in the selection of varieties for climate change, and the lack of suitable germplasm in sustainable agricultural ecosystems, it is inevitable that there is an absolute need for genotypes with stable values in terms of quality parameters as well as high yields. This study was carried out at the trial area of Diyarbakır GAPUTAEM in 2015-2016. In the study, 120 advanced durum wheat lines and five registered varieties were used as plant material. The study was set up according to the Augmented experimental design, with 6 blocks and 25 parcels in each block. By applying the GGE Biplot analysis method to the quality parameters examined in the study, both inter-trait and genotype-trait relationships were evaluated. As a result of the GGE Biplot analysis, features that are related to each other and genotypes that stand out in terms of certain features are presented visually. It has been determined that the vitreousness ratio and protein ratio, color value and sedimentation value, thousand-grain weight, and hectoliter weight characteristics, which are among the properties examined according to the resulting image, show a strong correlation relationship by being in the same group, and this relationship should be considered in such studies where many genotypes are evaluated. In addition, it was concluded that genotypes with higher values compared to control cultivars should be evaluated in regional trials to understand and examine the stability in different environments and be transferred to a higher level and used in breeding programs for cultivar development.

References

Anonim, 2021a. IGC, Uluslararası Tahıl Konseyi. https://l24.im/kH5oMe (Erişim tarihi: 06.01.2022).

Anonim 2021b. Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu Bitkisel Üretim İstatistikleri. https://l24.im/pMHWlN(Erişim tarihi: 06.03.2022)

Bayhan, M., Yıldırım, M. 2021. GGE biplot analizi yöntemi ile organik buğday seleksiyonu. ISPEC Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 5(2): 426-438.

Bayhan, M., Özkan, R., Albayrak, Ö., Akıncı, C., Yıldırım, M. 2021. Bazı ekmeklik buğday (Triticum aestivum L.) çeşit ve hatlarında spad metre ve ndvi ölçümlerinin kalite özellikleriyle ilişkilerinin biplot analiz yöntemi ile değerlendirilmesi. Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 8(1): 32-41.

Bosi, S., Negri, L., Fakaros, A., Oliveti, G., Whittaker, A., Dinelli, G. 2022. GGE biplot analysis to explore the adaption potential of Italian common wheat genotypes. Sustainability, 14: 897.

Clarke, J.M., Marchylo, B.A., Kovacs, M.I.P., Noll, J.S., McCaig, T.N., Howes, N.K. 1998. Breeding durum wheat for pasta quality in Canada. Wheat: Prospects for Global Improvement. Academic Publishers, 229-236.

Jalata, Z. 2011. GGE-biplot analysis of multi-environment yield trials of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes in Southeastern Ethiopia highlands. International Journal of Breeding and Genetics, 5(11): 59-75.

Karimizadeh, R., Mohammed, M., Sabahgni, N., Mahmoodi, A.E., Roustami, B., Seyyidi, F., Akbari, F. 2013. GGE biplot analysis of yield stability in multi-environment trials of lentil genotypes under rain-fed conditions. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 5(2): 256-262.

Karaman, M., Seydoşoğlu, S., Çam, B. 2020. Diyarbakır ili koşullarında augmented deneme deseninde ekmeklik buğday (Triticum aestivum L.) genotiplerinin tarımsal özellikler yönünden incelenmesi. Euroasia Journal of Mathematics, Engineering, Natural & Medical Sciences, 7(9): 195-205

Kendal, E., Tekdal, S., Aktaş, H., Karaman, M. 2012. Bazı makarnalık buğday çeşitlerinin Diyarbakır ve Adıyaman sulu koşullarında verim ve kalite parametreleri yönünden karşılaştırılması. Uludağ Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 26(2): 1-14.

Kendal, E., Tekdal, S., Aktaş, H., Karaman, M., Berekatoğlu, K., Doğan, H. 2014. Biplot analizi kullanılarak yazlık arpa genotiplerinin verim ve verim unsurlarının belirlenmesi. Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences, 15(2): 95-103.

Khan M.H., Rafii, M.Y., Ramlee, S.I., Jusoh, M., Al Mamun, M. 2021. AMMI and GGE biplot analysis for yield performance and stability assessment of selected Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. verdc.) genotypes under the multi‑environmental trials (METs). Scientific Reports, 11: 227-91.

Kılıç, H., Tekdal, S., Kendal, E., Aktaş, H. 2012. Augmented deneme desenine dayalı ileri kademe makarnalık buğday (Triticum turgidum Ssp.) hatlarının biplot analiz yöntemi ile değerlendirilmesi. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 15(4): 131-145.

Koutis, K.G., Mavromatis, A., Baxevanos, D. and Koutsika-Sotiriou, M. 2012. Multienvironmental evaluation of wheat landraces by GGE biplot analysis for organic breeding. Agricultural Sciences, 3: 66-74.

Kurt, Ç. 2012. Buğday işleme fabrikasındaki işlem akışı ve enerji sarfiyatı. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Namık Kemal Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Tekirdağ, 52s.

Naik, A., Wani, S.H., Rafiqee, S., Sofi, M., Sofi, N.R., Shikari, A.B., Hussain, A., Mohiddin, F., Jehangir, I.A., Khan, G.H., Sofi, M.A., Sheikh, F.A., Bhat, M.A., Khan, M.N., Dar, Z.A., Rahimi, M. 2022. Deciphering genotype×environment interaction by AMMI and GGE biplot analysis among elite wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes of Himalayan region. Ekin Journal, 8(1): 41-52.

Omrani, A., Omrani, S., Khodarahmi, M., Shojaei, S.H., Illés, Á., Bojtor, C., Mousavi, S.M.N., Nagy, J. 2022. Evaluation of grain yield stability in some selected wheat genotypes using AMMI and GGE biplot methods. Agronomy, 12: 1130.

Özberk, İ, Özberk, F., Atlı, A., Çetin, L., Aydemir, T., Keklikçi, Z., Önal, M.A., Braun, H.J. 2005. Durum Wheat in Turkey; Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. In: Durum Wheat Breeding: Current Aproaches and Future Strategies. Chapter 33 Royo, C., M.N. Nachit, N. Difonzo, J.L. Araus, W.H. Pfeiffer and G.A. Slafer (Eds.). The Howard Press Inc., USA., 1049.

Paramesh, M., Reddy, D., Priya, M.S., Sumathi, P., Sudhakar, P., Reddy, K. 2016. GT biplot analysis for yield and drought related traits in mung bean (Vigna radiata L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 7: 538-543.

Rahmatollah, K., Mohtasham, M., Naser, S., Ali, A., Barzo, R., Faramarz, S. and Fariba, A. 2013. GGE biplot analysis of yield stability in multi-environment trials of lentil genotypes under rainfed condition. International Journal Research Reviev, 4(12): 7-12.

Santos, A., Ceccon, G., Teodoro, P.E., Correa, A.M., Alvarez, R.D.C.F., Silva, J.F., Alves, V.B. 2016. Adaptabilidade e estabilidade de genótipos de feijão caupi ereto via REML/BLUP e GGE Biplot. Bragantia, 75: 299-306.

Shamsabadi, E.E., Sabouri, H., Soughi, H., Sajadi, S.J., Dadras, A.R. 2021. Using of GGE biplot in determination of genetic structure and heterotic groups in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Acta Biologica Szegediensis, 65(1): 17-27.

Sözen, E., Yağdı, K. 2005. Bazı ileri makarnalık buğday (Triticum durum Desf.) hatlarının kalite özelliklerinin belirlenmesi. Uludağ Üniviersitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 19(2): 69-81.

Suresh, S. 2020. GGE biplot based stability analysis of durum wheat genotypes using statistical package GGE Biplot GUI. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Biotechnology, 13(2): 149-153.

Tanno, K., Willcox, G. 2006. How Fast Was Wild Wheat Domesticated?. shorturl.at/GMPS4.

Tekdal, S., Kendal, E., Ayana, B. 2014. İleri kademe makarnalık buğday hatlarının verim ve bazı kalite özelliklerinin biplot analiz yöntemi ile değerlendirilmesi. Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 1(3): 322-330.

Tekdal, S., Kendal, E., Aktaş, H., Karaman, M., Doğan, H., Bayram, S., Düzgün, M., Efe, A. 2017. Biplot analiz yöntemi ile bazı makarnalık buğday hatlarının verim ve kalite özelliklerinin değerlendirilmesi. Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, 68-73.

Tekdal, S., Kendal, E., Altıkat, A., Aktaş, H., Karaman, M. 2011. İleri kademe durum buğday hatlarının (Triticum durum Desf.) Diyarbakır ekolojik koşullarında bazı verim ve kalite özelliklerinin belirlenmesi. 9. Tarla Bitkileri Kongresi, 12-15 Eylül, Cilt I, Bursa, 25-27.

Yan, W., Kang, M.S. 2003. GGE Biplot Analysis: A Graphical Tool For Breeders, Geneticists, and Agronomists. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 213.

Yan, W., Kang, M.S., Ma, B., Woods, S., Cornelius, P.L. 2007. GGE biplot and AMMI analysis of genotype-by-environment data. Crop Science, 47: 643-655.

Yokomızo, G.K.I., Farıas Neto, J.T., Oliveira, M.S.P., Hongyu, H. 2017. Análise GGE biplot na avaliação de características de cachos em açaizeiros da região Amazônica. Mundo Amazônico, 8(1): 115-130.

Published

2022-09-07

How to Cite

BAYHAN, M. (2022). Evaluation of Quality Characteristics of Durum Wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) Genotypes by GGE Biplot Analysis Method. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6(3), 573–582. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7032647

Issue

Section

Articles