Influences of Transplanting Approaches of Propagation on Growth, Yield and Economics of Ginger (Zingiber officinale rose.) Cultivation
Abstract views: 51 / PDF downloads: 32
Keywords:Transplanting propagation, bud cutting, seedling, yield, ginger
Rhizome used as seed is utilized to cultivate ginger, and it comprises approximately half of the entire cost of production. In the Horticulture Farm of HSTU, Dinajpur, a study was carried out to assess the performance of the transplant production system of ginger cultivation with comparable growth and yield to traditional planting. A randomized complete block design with four replications was employed to conduct the study. The experiment comprised four treatments: T1= direct planting of seed rhizomes (control), T2= single bud transplanting (~5-10 g), T3= two buds transplanting (~10-15 g), T4= three buds transplanting (~15-20 g). Growth-related traits and yield of ginger were profoundly influenced by rhizome transplanting methods. In direct rhizome planting, the lowest days (40.61) for 50% emergence were noted. The direct planting of seed rhizomes resulted in the highest plant height (58.37 cm), number of tillers per hill (14.05), number of leaves per hill (159.01), yield per plant (133.46 g), and yield per ha (19.07 ton) due to the substantial food storage in it. On the contrary, the observed parameters of ginger were mostly statistically consistent across distinct transplanting methods. In respect of ginger cultivation's economics, T4 treatment provided the greatest net return (823600 TK/ha), whereas T3 treatment revealed the highest benefit-cost ratio (3.10). Considering the above facts, the results of this study demonstrated the suitability of the two-bud transplant approach due to the reduction in seed rhizome quantity, seed cost, and ultimately increased net profit in an economically feasible amount.
Aiyadurai, S.G. 1966. Ginger. A review of research on spices and cashewnut in India, 85-103.
Ara, R., Ratna, M., Sarker, R., Ahmed, M.M., Rahman M.M. 2019. Effect of rhizome cut on the yield of ginger. International Journal of Applied Research, 5(11): 242-246.
BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2017. Statistical year book of bangladesh, bangladesh bureau of statistics, statistics division, ministry of planning, government of the people’s republic of Bangladesh.
Chukwudi, U.P., Agbo, C.U., Echezona, B.C., Eze, E.I., Kutu, F.R., Mavengahama, S. 2020. Variability in morphological, yield and nutritional attributes of ginger (Zingiber officinale) germplasm in Nigeria. Research on Crops, 21(3): 634-642.
Ghosh., D.K., Hore., J.K. 2011. Economics of a coconut based inter-cropping system as influenced by spacing and seed rhizome size of ginger. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 68(4): 449-452.
Girma, H., Kindie, T. 2008. The effects of seed rhizome size on the growth, yield and economic return of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.). Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 7(2): 213–7.
Hossain, A., Ishimine, Y., Akamine, H., Motomura, K. 2005. Effects of seed rhizome size on growth and yield of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Plant production science, 8(1): 86-94.
Islam, M.A., Naher, M.S., Fahim, A.H., Kakon, A. 2017. Growth and yield of ginger influenced by different rhizome size and spacing. International Journal of Agricultural Papers, 2(1): 24-30.
Islam, Q.S., Matin, M.A., Hossain, S. 2012. Economic performance of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rose.) cultivation in some selected locations of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 37(1): 109-120.
Mahender, B., Reddy, P.S.S., Sivaram, G.T., Balakrishna, M., Prathap, B. 2015. Effect of seed rhizome size and plant spacing on growth, yield and quality of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) under coconut cropping system. Plant Archives, 15: 769-774.
Monnaf, M.A., Rahim, M.A., Hossain, M.A.A., Alam, M.S. 2010. Effect of planting method and rhizome size on the growth and yield of ginger. Journal of Agroforestry Environment Science, 4(2): 73-76.
Nybe, E.V., Mini Raj, N. 2005. Ginger production in India and other South Asian Countries I. In P. N. Ravindran & K. Nirmal Babu (Eds.), Ginger: The Genus Zingiber medicinal and Aromatic Plants- Industrial Profiles, Washington, DC: CRC Press, 41: 211–240.
Pandey, Y.R., Sagwansupyakorn, C., Sahavacharin, O., Thaveechai, N. 1997. Effect of Planting Material on Growth and Seed Rhizome Yield of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). Agriculture and natural resources, 31(4): 445-451.
Prasath, D., Kandiannan, K., Srinivasan, V., Aanandaraj, M. 2018. Comparison of conventional and transplant production systems on yield and quality of ginger (Zingiber officinale). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88(4): 615–20.
Prasath D., Kandiannan K., Srinivasan V., Anandaraj M. 2014. Standardization of single-sprout transplanting technique in ginger 6th Indian horticulture congress, 6-9, November 2014, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
Sengupta, D. K., Dasgupta, B. 2011. Effect of weight of planting material on growth and yield of ginger (Zinger officinale Rosc.) in the hilly region of Darjeeling district. Environment and Ecology, 29(2): 666-669.
Shekhar, G., Chandra, Hore, J.K. 2021. Growth and yield of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) as influenced by different seed size and spacing. Current advances in agricultural sciences, 13(1): 59-61.
Shil, S., Nath, D., Mondal, J. 2018. Effect of propagation methods on yield attributes and economics of ginger production under agro-climatic condition of tripura. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7(05): 3790-3793.
Singh, S.P. 2012. Effect of size of seed on production of small potato seed tubers. Haryana Journal of Horticultural Science, 41(3/4): 153-5.
Tiwari, S., Pandey, R., Shukla, M., Namdeo, K. N. 2019. Influence of size of seed rhizome and plant spacing on growth, yield and quality of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rose). Annals of Plant and Soil Research, 2: 158- 161.
Whiley, A.W. 1990. Effect of 'seed piece' size and planting density on harvested 'knob' size and yield in two cultivars of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rose.) grown in South East Queensland. Acta Horticulturae, 275: 167-172.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.