Germination Potential of Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Against Nickel Heavy Metal

Abstract views: 169 / PDF downloads: 146




Carthamus tinctorius, safflower, heavy metal, nickel, germination


As a heavy metal, Nickel is also an essential element and an abiotic plant stress factor. Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is an oil seed plant used commercially for the different industries that belong to the Asteraceae family. This study aims to investigate the effects of nickel concentrations ( 0, 25, 50, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1000 mg kg-1) on safflower germination stages. Germination percentage, germination index and coefficient of velocity equations were calculated according to germinated seeds on days. Nickel concentrations and days after germination were effective on germination percentage, germination index and coefficient of velocity values. Especially 800 and 1000 mg kg-1 nickel doses had a slightly negative effect on the investigated equations. According to the study results, it was thought that the germination ability of C. tinctorius seeds was quite successful in mediums with nickel-heavy metal.


Adriano, D.C., 2001. Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments. Springer, New York.

Afzal, O., Hassan, F.U., Ahmed, M., Shabbir, G., Ahmed, S., 2022. Temperature affects germination indices of Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 32(6).

Ahmad, M.S.A., Ashraf, M., 2011. Essential roles and hazardous effects of nickel in plants. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 125-167.

Ahmad, W., Najeeb, U., Zia, M.H., 2015. Soil Remediation and Plants. Academic Press, San Diego.

Ahmed, S., Sardar, R., 2023. Improvement in growth and physiochemical attributes of Raphanus sativus L. through exogenous application of 28-Homobrassinolide under nickel stress. Scientia Horticulturae, 311: 111791.

Akar, M., 2017. Uyarıcı uygulamalarının ağır metal stresine maruz bırakılan bazı çok yıllık buğdaygil çim türlerinin çimlenme ve fide gelişimi üzerine etkisi. Master Thesis, Mustafa Kemal University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Hatay.

Akıncı, İ.E., Çalışkan, Ü., 2010. Bazı önemli yazlık sebzelerin çimlenme aşamasında nikele tepkisi. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 13(1): 1-10.

Akıncı, S., Akıncı, İ.E., 2011. Nikelin ıspanakta (Spinacia oleracea) çimlenme ve bazı fide büyüme parametreleri üzerine etkisi. Ekoloji, 20(79): 69-76.

Alloway, B.J., 1995. Soil processes and the behaviour of metals. Heavy Metals in Soils, 13: 3488.

Bhalerao, S.A., Sharma, A.S., Poojari, A.C., 2015. Toxicity of nickel in plants. International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience, 3(2), 345-355.

Cempel, M, Nikel, G., 2006. Nickel: A review of its sources and environmental toxicology. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 15: 375-382.

Ergönül, P.G., Özbek, Z.A., 2020. Cold pressed safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seed oil. Cold Pressed Oils, 323-333.

Ertekin, E.N., Ertekin, İ., Bilgen, M., 2020. Effects of some heavy metals on germination and seedling growth of Sorghum. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University Journal of Agriculture and Nature, 23(6): 1608-1615.

Fadiji, A.E., Yadav, A.N., Santoyo, G., Babalola, O.O., 2023. Understanding the plant-microbe interactions in environments exposed to abiotic stresses: An overview. Microbiological Research, 127368.

Hadjadj, S., Mahdjoubi, S., Hidoub, Y., Bahaz, T., Ghedamsi, Z., Regagda, S.,




How to Cite

ÇELİKTAŞ, V., & OTU BORLU, H. . (2023). Germination Potential of Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Against Nickel Heavy Metal. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 7(2), 367–374.