Evaluation of Some Parameters in Eggs Coated with Materials Prepared from Aloe Vera Gel and Chitosan


Abstract views: 238 / PDF downloads: 135

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8050996

Keywords:

Coating, aloe vera, chitosan, weight loss, albumen pH, microbiological traits

Abstract

In this study, the effects of aloe vera gel and chitosan used as egg coating materials on egg weight loss, albumen pH, egg yolk color values (L*, a*, b*) and some microbiological properties (coliform bacteria and yeast-mold) were determined. Therefore, five different groups were formed with a total of 50 fresh (daily) and homogeneous eggs in terms of weight, one of which was control (C) and the other four (T-1, T-2, T-3, T-4) were experimental groups. No coating treatment was applied to eggs in group C. In the experimental groups, four different levels of chitosan (0.25, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 %) and aloe vera gel were used for coating by dipping method.  All eggs were stored in egg viols for four weeks at room temperature. Egg weight loss was evaluated by weekly weighing. Albumen pH, egg yolk color values, coliform bacteria and yeast-mold counts were determined at the end of the experiment. There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of egg albumen pH and yolk color values (P>0.05). However, the effect of coating materials on weekly (P<0.001) and overall (P<0.05) weight loss of eggs was significant. Compared to group C, egg weight loss was lower in all experimental groups in all weeks (P<0.001). Moreover, although coliform bacteria were detected in the group without egg coating (group C), coliform bacteria were not detected in any of the experimental groups. The lowest yeast-mold count was in the T-4 group (2.657 log cfu g-1). In conclusion, coating materials prepared from aloe vera gel and chitosan can be used effectively in preventing egg weight loss and improving some microbiological parameters.      

References

Adetunji, C.O., Fadiji, A.E., Aboyeji, O.O., 2014. Effect of chitosan coating combined Aloe vera gel on cucumber (Cucumis Sativa L.) post-harvest quality during ambient storage. Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences, 5(6): 391-397.

Alleoni, A.C.C., Antunes, A.J., 2004. Albumen foam stability and s-ovalbumin contents in eggs coated with whey protein concentrate. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 6: 105-110.

Amin, U., Khan, M.K.I., Khan, M.U., Ehtasham Akram, M., Pateiro, M., Lorenzo, J.M., Maan, A. A., 2021. Improvement of the performance of chitosan—aloe vera coatings by adding beeswax on postharvest quality of mango fruit. Foods, 10(10): 2240.

Bhale, S., No, H.K., Prinyawiwatkul, W., Farr, A.J., Nadarajah, K., Meyers, S.P., 2003. Chitosan coating improves shelf life of eggs. Journal of Food Science, 68(7): 2378-2383.

Caner, C., 2005. Whey protein isolate coating and concentration effects on egg shelf life. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 85(13): 2143-2148.

Caner, C., Cansız, O., 2007. Effectiveness of chitosan‐based coating in improving shelf‐life of eggs. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 87(2): 227-232.

Caner, C., Cansız, Ö., 2008. Chitosan coating minimises eggshell breakage and improves egg quality. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 88(1): 56-61.

Caner, C., Coşkun, B.M., Yüceer, M., 2022. Chitosan coatings and chitosan nanocomposite to enhance the storage stability of fresh eggs during storage. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 46(7): e16642.

Cansız, Ö., 2006. Farklı organik asitlerle üretilen kitosan kaplama materyalinin yumurta raf ömrü ve kabuk mukavemetini geliştirmede etkinliğinin araştırılması. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Çanakkale.

Copur, G., Camci, O., Sahinler, N., Gul, A., 2008. The effect of propolis egg shell coatings on interior egg quality. Archiv fur Geflugelkunde, 72(1): 35-40.

Derelioglu, E., Turgay, Ö., 2022. Effect of chitosan coatings on quality and shelf-life of chicken and quail eggs. African Journal of Food Science, 16(3): 63-70.

Dutta, P.K., Tripathi, S., Mehrotra, G.K., Dutta, J., 2009. Perspectives for chitosan based antimicrobial films in food applications. Food Chemistry, 114(4): 1173-1182.

Edirisinghe, E.D.M.T., Jayasinghe, J.M.P., Himali, S.M.C., Abeyrathne, E.D.N.S., 2017. Effect of beeswax and gammalu (Pterocarpus marsupium) latex coating on internal and sensory attributes of chicken eggs stored at room temperature. International Journal of Research in Agricultural Sciences, 4: 76-81.

Erkmen, O., 2007. Basic Methods for the Microbilogical Analysis of Foods (1st Press). Nobel Publishing, Ankara.

Eyng, C., Nunes, K.C., Matumoto-Pintro, P.T., Vital, A.C.P., Garcia, R.G., Sanches, L.M., Junior, N.R., Tenorio, K.I., 2021. Carnauba wax coating preserves the internal quality of commercial eggs during storage. Semina: Ciencias Agrarias, 42(3): 1229-1244.

Gboyimde, P.M., 2019. Synergistic effects of chitosan and aloe vera gel coatings on tomato, orange and cucumber. PhD Thesis, Kwara State University, Nigeria.

Halkman, K., 2005. Gıda Mikrobiyolojisi Uygulamaları (1. Baskı). Başak Matbaacılık, Ankara.

Homsaard, N., Kodsangma, A., Jantrawut, P., Rachtanapun, P., Leksawasdi, N., Phimolsiripol, Y., Seesuriyachan, P., Chaiyaso, T., Sommano, S.R., Rohindra, D., Jantanasakulwong, K., 2021. Efficacy of cassava starch blending with gelling agents and palm oil coating in improving egg shelf life. International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 56(8): 3655-3661.

Hosseinnejad, M., Jafari, S.M., 2016. Evaluation of different factors affecting antimicrobial properties of chitosan. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 85: 467-475.

IBM Corp, 2011. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 20.0. IBM Corporation, Armonk.

Kim, S.H., Youn, D.K., No, H.K., Choi, S.W., Prinyawiwatkul, W., 2009. Effects of chitosan coating and storage position on quality and shelf life of eggs. International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 44(7): 1351-1359.

Leleu, S., Herman, L., Heyndrickx, M., De Reu, K., Michiels, C.W., De Baerdemaeker, J., Messens, W., 2011. Effects on Salmonella shell contamination and trans-shell penetration of coating hens' eggs with chitosan. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 145(1): 43-48.

Liu, Y.C., Chen, T.H., Wu, Y.C., Lee, Y.C., Tan, F.J., 2016. Effects of egg washing and storage temperature on the quality of eggshell cuticle and eggs. Food Chemistry, 211: 687-693.

Mudannayaka, A., Rajapaksha, D.S.W., Kodithuwakku, K.A.H.T., 2019. Effect of beeswax, gelatin and aloe vera gel coatings on functional properties and visual sensory attributes of chicken eggs stored under room temperature. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 9(12): 96107.

Mudannayaka, A.I., Rajapaksha, D.S.W., Kodithuwakku, K.A.H.T., 2016. Effect of beeswax, gelatin and aloe vera gel coatings on physical properties and shelf life of chicken eggs stored at 30 ºC. Journal of World's Poultry Research, 6(1): 6-13.

Musa, T.N., Ulaiwi, W.S., Al-Hajo, N.N., 2011. The effect of shellac as coating material on the internal quality of chicken eggs. International Journal of Poultry Science, 10(1): 38-41.

Ningrum, A.S.H., Thohari, I., Al Awwaly, K.U., Apriliyani, M.W., 2022. The effect of using edible coating whey protein isolate and chitosan with the addition of 0.1% sodium tripolyphosphate on the quality of chicken egg. International Research Journal of Advanced Engineering and Science, 7(4): 201-205.

Nongtaodum, S., Jangchud, A., Jangchud, K., Dhamvithee, P., No, H.K., Prinyawiwatkul, W., 2013. Oil coating affects internal quality and sensory acceptance of selected attributes of raw eggs during storage. Journal of Food Science, 78(2): 329-335.

Oliveira, G.D.S., Dos Santos, V.M., Rodrigues, J.C., Santana, Â.P., 2020. Conservation of the internal quality of eggs using a biodegradable coating. Poultry Science, 99(12): 7207-7213.

Şahinler, N., Guel, A., Copur, G., 2009. Chemical composition and preservative effect of Turkish propolis on egg quality during storage. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 21: 1877-1886.

Seyrekoğlu, F., Kılınç, G., 2022. Evaluation of weight loss and some sensory properties in quail eggs coated using different solutions (molasses, molasses+ agar, molasses+ glycerine, whey). International Journal of Science Letters, 4(2): 312-320.

Shah, S., Hashmi, M.S., 2020. Chitosan–aloe vera gel coating delays postharvest decay of mango fruit. Horticulture, Environment and Biotechnology, 61: 279-289.

Sree, K.P., Sree, M.S., Supriya, P., Samreen, Swamy, R., 2022. Effect of aloe vera gel coating combined with chitosan on postharvest quality of tomato during ambient storage. The Pharma Innovation Journal, 11(1): 260-265.

Torrico, D.D., No, H.K., Sriwattana, S., Ingram, D., Prinyawiwatkul, W., 2011. Effects of initial albumen quality and mineral oil–chitosan emulsion coating on internal quality and shelf‐life of eggs during room temperature storage. International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 46(9): 1783-1792.

Wardy, W., Torrico, D.D., Jirangrat, W., No, H.K., Saalia, F.K., Prinyawiwatkul, W., 2011. Chitosan-soybean oil emulsion coating affects physico-functional and sensory quality of eggs during storage. LWT-Food Science and Technology, 44(10): 2349-2355.

Wardy, W., Torrico, D.D., No, H.K., Prinyawiwatkul, W., Saalia, F.K., 2010. Edible coating affects physico‐functional properties and shelf life of chicken eggs during refrigerated and room temperature storage. International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 45(12): 2659-2668.

Xu, D., Wang, J., Ren, D., Wu, X., 2018. Effects of chitosan coating structure and changes during storage on their egg preservation performance. Coatings, 8(9): 317.

Yang, K., Dang, H., Liu, L., Hu, X., Li, X., Ma, Z., Wang, X., Ren, T., 2019. Effect of syringic acid incorporation on the physical, mechanical, structural and antibacterial properties of chitosan film for quail eggs preservation. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 141: 876-884.

Yuan, X., Li, Y., Mo, Q., Zhang, B., Shu, D., Sun, L., Yang, H., Xie, X., Liu, Y., Zang, Y., 2022. A combined approach using slightly acidic electrolyzed water spraying and chitosan and pectin coating on the quality of the egg cuticle, prevention of bacterial invasion, and extension of shelf life of eggs during storage. Food Chemistry, 389: 133129.

Yüceer, M., 2013. Yumurtanın aktif ambalajlama ve yeni muhafaza yöntemleri ile raf ömrünün arttırılması. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Çanakkale.

Yüceer, M., Caner, C., 2013. Lisozim-kitosan bazlı antimikrobiyal kaplama uygulamasının taze yumurtanın mikrobiyolojik kalitesi üzerine etkisi. Akademik Gıda, 11(1): 40-45.

Yüceer, M., Caner, C., 2014. Antimicrobial lysozyme–chitosan coatings affect functional properties and shelf life of chicken eggs during storage. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94(1): 153-162.

Downloads

Published

2023-06-21

How to Cite

KILINÇ, G., KÖKSAL, M. ., & SEYREKOĞLU, F. . (2023). Evaluation of Some Parameters in Eggs Coated with Materials Prepared from Aloe Vera Gel and Chitosan. ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 7(2), 387–394. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8050996

Issue

Section

Articles