Effectiveness of Sterile Insect Technique for Medfly (Ceratitis capitata, Wiedemann, 1824) Control in Citrus Orchards of Moulouya Perimeter North East of Morocco
Abstract views: 431 / PDF downloads: 263
Keywords:Integrated pest management, medfly, sterile ınsect technique, density, citrus orchards.
The Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is an effective pest control method developed worldwide against many species of Fruit Flies. It involves the release of male insects sterilized, at pupae instar, by exposure to ionizing radiation. The Area-wide control of medfly (Ceratitis capitata), with SIT based on sterile males release combined to other control techniques, was implemented since 2017 as a pilot area in Moulouya Perimeter in North-eastern Morocco. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of this tool in controlling Medfly and estimate sterile male population densities from data collected from trap catches after the release of a pre-determined number of sterile males in five Citrus orchards (0, 500, 1000 and 3000 sterile males per hectare) and the calculation of FTD (fly/trap/day) of sterile and wild males. The result showed that the percentage of recaptured males and FTD Sterile indices were related to release density by power function regression, while the sterile to wild ratio and release density were linear regression-adjusted. The finding confirmed the effectiveness of release in reducing the fly population in the TIS area by reducing the rate of citrus infestation in field and export shipments.
APHIS (Animal and Plant Inspection Service). 2016. APHIS rescinds the federal order prohibiting certain citrus fruits from Morocco due to Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata). Available from: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/plant_imports/federal_order/downloads/2016/2016-64.pdf
APHIS, 2016. APHIS prohibits the importation of certain citrus fruits from Morocco due to Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata). https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/plant_imports/federal_order/downloads/2016/2016-10.pdf
Barclay, H.J. 2005. Mathematical models for the use of sterile insects, pp. 147-174. In V. A. Dyck, J. Hendrichs, and A.S. Robinson (eds.), Sterile insect techinique, principles and practice in area-wide integrated. Pest Management, IAEA, Springer, The Netherlands
Bjeliš, M. 2007. Feasibility study of medfly (Ceratitis capitata Wied) control by sterile insect technique in Neretva river valley. Lectures and papers presented at the 8th Slovenian conference on plant protection, Radenci, March 6-7. 193-198.
Bjeliš, M., Radunić, D., Bulić, P. 2013. Pre‐and post‐release quality of sterile Ceratitis capitata males released by an improved automated ground release machine. Journal of Applied Entomology, 137:154-162.
Bloem, K. A., Bloem, S., Chambers, D. L. 1994. Field assessment of quality: release–recapture of mass-reared Mediterranean fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of different sizes. Environmental entomology, 23(3): 629-633.
BMH. 2018. la Monographie de la ville de Berkane. Available from: https://sites.google.com/site/bmhberkane/home/monographie-ville-de-berkane. Consulted in 04/20/2018.
Domínguez, J., Artiaga-López, T., Solís, E., Hernández, E. 2010. Métodos de colonización y cría masiva, pp. 259-276 In Montoya P, Toledo J, Hernández E [eds.], Moscas de la Fruta: Fundamentos y Procedimientos para su Manejo. S y G editores, México, D.F.
Enkerlin, E.R. 2005. Impact of fruit fly control programmes using the sterile insect technique, pp. 651–676. In V. A. Dyck, J. Hendrichs, and A. S. Robinson (eds), Sterile insect technique: Principles and practice in area-wide integrated pest management. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Enkerlin, Liliana, L., Hilario, C. 1996. Increased Accuracy in Discrimination Between Captured Wild Unmarked and Released Dye-Marked Adults in Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) Sterile Released Programs, Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 89, Issue 4, 1 August 1996, Pages 946–949; https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/89.4.946.
FAO/IAEA. 2017. Guideline for packing, shipping, holding and release of sterile flies in area-wide fruit fly control programmes. Zavala-López J.L. and Enkerlin W.R. (eds.), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy. 140 pp.
FAO/IAEA. 2018. Trapping guidelines for area-wide fruit fly programmes, Second edition, by Enkerlin, W.R. and Reyes-Flores, J. (eds). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy. 58 pp.
Flores, S., Montoya, P., Toledo, J., Enkerlin, W., Liedo, P. 2014. Estimation of populations and sterility induction in Anastrepha ludens (Diptera Tephritidae) fruit flies. J. Econ. Entomol. 107:1502–1507.
Gutiérrez – Samperio, J. 1976. La Mosca del Mediterráneo Ceratitis capitata (Wied) y Factores Ecológicos que Favorecen su Establecimiento y Propagación en México. Dirección General de Sanidad Vegetal. MX. 244 P.
Hendrichs, J., Robinson, A. S., Cayol, J. P., Enkerlin, W. 2002. Medfly areawide sterile insect technique programmes for prevention, suppression or eradication: the importance of mating behavior studies. Florida Entomologist, 85(1): 1-13.
Hernández, E., Orozco, D., Breceda, S. F., Domínguez, J. 2007. Dispersal and longevity of wild and mass-reared Anastrepha ludens and Anastrepha obliqua (Diptera: Tephritidae). Florida Entomologist, 90(1):123-135.
Jessup, A. J., B. Dominiak, B. Woods, C. P. F. De Lima, A. Tomkins, C.J. Smallridge. 2007. Area-wide management of fruit flies in Australia, pp. 685–697. In V. A. Dyck, J. Hendrichs, and A. S. Robinson (eds), Sterile insect technique: Principles and practice in area-wide integrated pest management. Springer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.
Juan-Blasco, M., San Andre´s, V., Martinez-Utrillas, M. A., Argile´s, R., Pla, I., A. Urbaneja, A., Sabater-Mun˜ oz, B. 2013. Alternatives to ginger root oil aromatherapy for improved mating performance of sterile Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) males. J. Appl. Entomol. 137: 244–251.
Klassen, W. 2005. Area-wide integrated pest management and the sterile insect technique, pp. 39–68. In V. A. Dyck, J. Hendrichs, and A. S. Robinson (eds), Sterile insect technique: Principles and practice in area-wide integrated pest management. Springer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands
Klassen, W., Curtis, C. F. 2005. History of the sterile insect technique. In Sterile Insect Technique: Principles and Practice in Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management, ed. VA Dyck, J Hendrichs, AS Robinson, pp. 3–36. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer-Verlag. 787 pp
Knipling, E.F. 1955. Possibilities of insect control or eradication through the use of sexually sterile males. J. Econ. Entomol. 48: 459–462.
Knipling, E.F. 1959. Sterile male method of population control. Science 130:902–904.
Lance, D. R., McInnis, D. O. 2005. Biological basis of the sterile insect technique. In Sterile Insect Technique (pp. 69-94). Springer, Dordrecht.
Liquido, N.J., Barr, P.G., Cunningham, R. T. 2013. MEDHOST, an encyclopedic bibliography of the host plants of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), version 1. Fruit fly expert identification system and systematic information database, Diptera dissemination disk, 1.
McInnis, D. O., Kurashima, R., Shelly, T. E., Edu, J., Pahio, E. 2011 Pre-release exposure to methyl eugenol increases the mating competitiveness of sterile males of the oriental fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in a Hawaiian orchard. Journal of Economic Entomology 104: 1969–1978.
Meats, A., Smallridge, C. J. 2007. Short‐and long‐range dispersal of medfly, Ceratitis capitata (Dipt., Tephritidae), and its invasive potential. Journal of Applied entomology, 131(8): 518-523.
Orozco, D., Meza, J. S., Zepeda, S., Solís, E., Quintero-Fong, J.L. 2013. Tapachula-7, a new genetic sexing strain of the Mexican fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae): sexual compatibility and competitiveness. Journal of Economic Entomology, 106(2): 735-741.
Orozco, D., Hernández, R., Meza, S., Domínguez, J. 2007. Sexual competitiveness and compatibility between mass-reared sterile flies and wild populations of Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae) from different regions in Mexico. Florida Entomologist, 90(1):19-26.
Ortíz, G. 1999. Potential use of the sterile insect technique against the South American fruit fly, pp. 121-130. In The South American fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wied.): advances in artificial rearing, taxonomic status and biological studies. IAEA TECDOC 1064, IAEA, Vienna, Austria.
Pérez‐Staples, D., Shelly, T. E., Yuval, B. 2013. Female mating failure and the failure of ‘mating’in sterile insect programs. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 146(1): 66-78.
Readshaw, J.L. 1982. A method of estimating population size of the sheep blowfly, Lucilia cuprina, using mark‐recapture data corrected for variation in catch and loss of marked individuals. Australian Journal of Entomology, 21(4): 297-299.
Rendón, P., McInnis, D., Lance, D., Stewart, J. 2004. Medfly (Diptera: Tephritidae) genetic sexing: large-scale field comparison of males-only and bisexual sterile fly releases in Guatemala. Journal of Economic Entomology, 97(5):1547-1553.
Rull, J., Brunel, O., Mendez, M. E. 2005. Mass rearing history negatively affects mating success of male Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared for sterile insect technique programs. Journal of Economic Entomology, 98(5): 1510-1516.
Shelly, T. E. 2012. Mate choice by wild and mass-reared females of the Mediterranean fruit fly. J. Appl. Entomol. 136: 238–240.
Shelly, T. E., and S. Kennelly. 2002. Influence of male diet on male mating success and longevity and female remating in the Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) under laboratory conditions. Florida Entomologist 85:572–579. www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/fe85p572.pdf
Shelly, T. E., McInnis, D. O., Rendón, P. 2005. The sterile insect technique and the Mediterranean fruit fly: assessing the utility of aromatherapy in large field enclosures. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 116(3): 199-208.
Shelly, T., McInnis, D. 2016. Sterile insect technique and control of tephritid fruit flies: do species with complex courtship require higher overflooding ratios? Annals of the Entomological Society of America 109: 1–11.
Shelly, T., Edu, J., Smith, E., Hoffman, K., War, M., Santos, R., McInnis, D. 2007. Aromatherapy on a large scale: exposing entire adult holding rooms to ginger root oil increases the mating competitiveness of sterile males of the Mediterranean fruit fly in field cage trials. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 123(2): 193-201.
Shelly, T., Nishimoto, J., Diaz, A., Leathers, J., War, M. 2010. Capture probability of released males of two Bactrocera species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in detection traps in california. Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 2042–2051.
Soopaya, R. 2013. Ginger root oil increases mating competitiveness of sterile Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Western Australia. J. Appl. Entomol. 137: 103–112.
Steiner, E., Woods, W., McInnis, D. O., Lindsey, J., Fogliani, R., Soopaya, R. 2013. Ginger root oil increases mating competitiveness of sterile Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Western Australia. J. Appl.Entomol. 137: 103–112.
Vargas, R. I., Mau, R. F. L., Jang, E. B., Faust, R. M., Wong, L. 2008. The Hawaii fruit fly area-wide pest management program, pp. 300–325. In O. Koul, G. W. Cuperus, and N. C. Elliott (eds.), Area wide pest management: Theory to implementation. CABI Books, London, United Kingdom.
Vreysen, M. J. B., Robinson, A. S., Hendrichs, J., & Kenmore, P. 2007. Area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM): principles, practice and prospects. In Area-wide control of insect pests (pp. 3-33). Springer, Dordrecht.
Zavala-Lopez, J. L., Enkerlin, W. R. 2016. Guideline for Packing, Shipping, Holding and Release of Sterile Flies in Area-wide Fruit Fly Control Programmes, 2nd edn. FAO/IAEA, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC Journal of Agricultural Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.